Effects of dehydration: you’ll be shocked to know

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Water is the basic component of life. We have to intake adequate amount of water daily. Otherwise we’d have to face the adverse effects of dehydration.

We humans not only need water to live but also to function smoothly.

Al-Madina Enterprise distribute fresh and pure water called HappyLife in Karachi, Pakistan. We notice that people consume inadequate amount of water. In other words, people consume less water, much less than they should drink daily.


This habit cause many problems in functioning properly and to its health – which is observable in people of Karachi.

why is water important for humans?

Oxygen and minerals are transported all through the body by means of blood. Water makes up a substantial percentage of our blood.

Lymphatic fluids make up four times the volume of blood. That fluid is responsible to remove waste items from the body. You can imagine, body functions gets hindered if it does not get a persistent supply of water.

How much water to drink in a day?

You are wondering how many glasses of water should drink to the minimum.

Health authorities have different opinions on the matter. Some say that you should intake eight glasses (approx. 2 liters) of water each day. Others say that you should continuously drink water throughout the day.

A doctor of functional medicine & nutritionist, Dr. Josh Axe, says that people should drink 25%-50% ounces of water of their body weight. For example, if your body weight is 100 pounds – only for example – then you should drink 25-50 ounces of water every day.

Factors determining water requirement:

Every person’s need to intake water is different depending on several internal and external factors. Those factors are:


Your body needs more water in summer and in in hot or humid climate because it loses most of it as sweat.

Pakistan is a country with both extreme hot and cold weather. Karachi, in particular, has both hot and humid climate.

Exercise or physical activity

Fluid intake becomes a necessity after a round of any sport or exercise. I’ll mention Cricket as example as it is Pakistan’s – and India’s – favorite sport.

Cricketers lose plenty of water during a match. Fielders and bowlers, in particular, need to drink water after every 2 to 3 overs. Their on-field performance will affect if they are dehydrated.

When playing any sport, utilize a sports drink which contains sodium. The contained element helps supplant sodium lost in sweat. The drink also gives glucose to prevent fatigue. In addition, the drink reduces risk of hyponatraemia.

Athletes such as marathon runners need to drink adequate amount of water to avoid dehydration. If they don’t drink enough water, which contains sodium to replace lost salt in sweat, risk of hyponatremia increases.


You lose water when sick. In fever, your body loses as much as 200ml/day with every increase of a degree Celsius in body temperature. Diarrhea and vomiting can likewise cause high loss of water.

In 2012, I went to Sargodha to attend a cousin’s marriage. On his reception day, I not only got fever but also diarrhea. By 4:00 A.M., my dad had to take me to the Civil Hospital, Sargodha as I could stand on my feet. I had to rush to the toilet to vomit and pass watery poop after every 10-20 minutes.

At the hospital, the doctor told me I had lost water and was dehydrated. I’d lost large amount of water from my body by vomiting and diarrhea.

Effects of dehydration?

The answer is simple.

If you don’t drink less water than your need, you’ll be gifted with the blessings of dehydration. Few of which we mention below.

Effects on people with chronic diseases

A chronic illness is a human health condition or infection that is constant or generally enduring in its nature. (Wikipedia).

A chronic disease lasts for more than six months. Some chronic illnesses which are prevalent in humans today are:

  • Diabetes
  • Multiple Sclerosis,
  • Hypertension,
  • ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other Dementias.
  • ٓArthritis,
  • Asthma,
  • Cancer,
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Cystic Fibrosis.

In people with chronic diseases, dehydration is not only responsible for causing stress but it also results in vague and unclear thinking, also called brain fog.

Eventually dehydration worsens chronic diseases!

It is necessary for people with chronic diseases to constantly hydrate themselves. Lack of water causes mood and cognitive problems. People with chronic diseases cannot afford to have cognitive issues.

Effects on cognitive abilities:

Our brain is 70% water. It needs water to function. If you don’t drink enough water then your brain’s abilities to

  • think,
  • memorize,
  • calculate and so on

will decline.

Drinking less water than your body needs effects your mood, brain and cognitive abilities. Research has identified negative effects of dehydration on one’s brain. Moreover, inadequate water in the body can add to the development & advancement of depression.

Effects on digestion:

Dehydration is the main source of endless blockage and upsets the gastrointestinal system. Ever had feeling of a heartburn? It could be because of your inadequate water intake. In addition, scientists have found that dehydration is also connected to dyspepsia.

The charge doesn’t stop here!

Lack of water intake can worsen arthritis pain.

Effects on Jointsjoints


Water is the principle grease of the joints. It prevents from several pains including:

  • joint pain,
  • Arthritis, and
  • Back pain.

Effects on skin:

Not only your organs need water to function properly but also your skin requires it. Your skin reflects the level of water in your body.


Your skin’s look is determined by the amount of water you take. For example, a dehydrated skin may be dry and dull with noticeable fine lines on it.

Dehydrated skin can cause following symptoms.

  • Itchiness,
  • Lacks water.
  • Sunken eyes,
  • Dullness,
  • Requires products rich in water.
  • Darker under-eye circles,
  • “shadows”, particularly under the eyes and around your nose, around the face, and
  • Increased appearance of surface wrinkles and fine lines.

Test hydration level in your skin:

You can test whether your skin is hydrated or not. Simply do this little test at home and see the results.

  • Take a little portion of your skin around the cheek and press gently.
  • If you see any wrinkling and after you let go, the skin doesn’t bounce back, your skin might be dried out.

Effects on breadth:

You cannot take your face close to anyone because you afraid him/her to complaint about your breadth…and the bad odor coming from it. We tell you a reason you could not have guessed…dehydration!

Lack of water reduces production of saliva in the mouth, which can prompt overabundant development of bacteria. Those microbes are responsible for that terrible odor.

Final Words

health problems. It is essential to drink at least 8 glasses (2 liters) of water every day. Water does not only prevents several diseases but restricts many diseases to worsen

how much water do you drink every day and what effects do you experience if you do not drink enough water? tell us in the comments below

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