benefits of reading on brain

Which brain parts and their functions develop when you read?

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The 21st century is the century in which video games replace old school activities such as playing sports and reading books. The latter is essential for your brain parts and their functions.

reading or video games

Children and teens prefer to spend more time on collecting items that have no physical or spiritual value than to gather gems of knowledge stored in pages.

Their mental capacity is declining day-by-day.

Reading books is very essential and beneficial for us. In this post; however, I will discuss how books change our brain physiology.

The activity not only gives us new ideas and opens doors to new information but it also changes our brain‘s physiology altogether. In other words, reading results in brain development.

areas of the brain
Areas of the brain

Because several brain functions work when we read. These functions are:

  • Visual and auditory processes
  • Phonemic awareness,
  • Fluency,
  • Comprehension, and more

If you love or loved reading (anything) then read to the end…The information will interest you.

If you never loved reading then you’ll know why you never loved reading or any specific book or subject.

Also, check out our Facebook page. You’ll find interesting memes there

An article, How Reading Inc eases Your Emotional Intelligence & Brain Function concluded that:

Humans have been reading and writing for only about 5000 years—too short for major evolutionary changes,..We got by well enough for tens of thousands of years before written language. But neuroscientists theorize that reading ‘rewires’ areas of the brain responsible for both vision and spoken language. Even adults who learn to read late in life can experience these effects, increasing ‘functional connectivity with the visual cortex,

Craig Miller, How Reading Increases Your Emotional Intelligence & Brain Function:

Active brain parts while reading and their functions

Divide the brain it into 3 parts to understand the physiological changes an active brain goes through when involved in reading, The areas which govern certain activity is called a ‘lobe’. Those parts are:

  1. Front (Frontal Lobe),
  2. Center (Limbic Lobe), and
  3. Back (Temporal Lobe)

Each part performs distinct roles while reading. For instance:

The front part of Brain:

Front part of the brain

This area of the brain devises strategies during the process. This part is responsible for three tasks:

  1. Searching,
  2. Thinking,
  3. Accomplishing Tasks.

All its activities are strategic in nature hence, it is the ‘strategic’ area of the brain. It operates on the information the back of brain delivers. That information includes ideas, items, and plans.

Related: Incredible benefits of reading books on the brain

Center part of the Brain:

Which area of the brain decides whether you like a story, love or hate a character or cry? The center or “core” of your brain.

Center of Brain

The area is responsible for emotions and decision-making.

We can blame this area for a child’s lack of interest in studies. Because the core determines where a child loves studying or not. This area, remember, is responsible for emotions.

If a text doesn’t invoke emotions then children will not be interested in reading it.

Now you know why you or your child never loved history!

Teachers need to add emotions to their subjects. When she touches her students’ emotions, she will transform a rough and uninterested lesson in interesting learning.

Back part of the brain

This part is responsible for pattern recognition and so it is called the ‘recognition’ section. You may think that recognizing patterns is its only function. Its activities are beyond simple pattern recognition. The back part of the brain is also responsible to identify letters and sounds.

When fully developed, this area can

  • distinguish between textual structures, for example, a poem and a play, or a novel and a poem.
  • Recognize the authors and their writings.

Other benefits of reading books

I designed an infographic on benefits you get when you read books. I’m briefly describing 7 important advantages of reading to your body, here.

Reading is a valuable tradeoff of time. You give the activity your most precious asset: your time, and in return, you receive the following perks.

reading books

Improved Connections:

When you read, the neurons in your brain make new connections and pathways. In other words, reading rewires your brain.

Reading can trigger brain parts involved in the act. For instance, reading about and thinking about making jokes (if you’re like me who loves to read comedy) actually can activate the brain cells (neurons) involved in the act.


When people read, especially fiction, but not limited to it, they create the whole story as movies in their brains. This develops their imaginations. Moreover, they found new solutions to problems.

In other words, reading creates a world with cities full of inhabitants in people’s minds.

Mental stimulation

You have to keep on stimulating your brain.. If you don’t, let me frankly say that you’ll lose it! It is simple, use it or lose it!

Science proves that If you don’t challenge and stimulate your brain, then you may welcome Alzheimer’s and dementia.

If you don’t make your brain function, it will forget its role!

Studies prove that in people with Dementia, doing arithmetic calculations and reading improves fontal function.

Reading makes new connections in the brain, plus enables it to create new worlds, scenarios, and people. Putting it in simple words, reading stimulates the brain.

[Tweet “Research shows that not challenging the brain may increase risks of Science proves that If you don’t challenge and stimulate your brain, then you may welcome Alzheimer’s and dementia.

When stimulated, the brain creates new pathways or improves its state.

Therefore, to live a happy life, make reading a habit (especially, those people with any chronic disease).


• Kawashima, R., Okita, K., Yamazaki, R., Tajima, N., Yoshida, H., Taira, M., … & Sugimoto, K. (2005). Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences60(3), 380-384.



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